Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus, כַּשְׁרוּת) is the set of Jewishdietary laws. Food that may be consumed according to halakha (Jewish law) is termed kosher in English, from the Ashkenazi pronunciation of the Hebrew term kashér (כָּשֵׁר), meaning “fit” (in this context, fit for consumption).
Among the numerous laws that form part of kashrut are the prohibitions on the consumption of unclean animals (such as pork, shellfish (bothMollusca and Crustacea) and most insects, with the exception of crickets and locusts), mixtures of meat and milk, and the commandment toslaughter mammals and birds according to a process known as shechita. There are also laws regarding agricultural produce (see Zeraim).
Most of the basic laws of kashrut are derived from the Torah’s Books ofLeviticus and Deuteronomy. Their details and practical application, however, are set down in the oral law (eventually codified in the Mishnahand Talmud) and elaborated on in the later rabbinical literature. While the Torah does not state the rationale for most kashrut laws, many reasons have been suggested, including philosophical, practical and hygienic.
Kosher foods are those that conform to the regulations of kashrut (Jewish dietary law ). is termed kosher in English, from the Ashkenazi …
Kosher animals are those that comply with the regulations of Jewish dietary law and are considered fit to eat . These food regulations …
The Hebrew term shechita (anglicized: pron.: /ʃəxiːˈtɑː/; Hebrew:שחיטה, [ʃχiˈta]), also transliterated shehitah, shechitah, shehita, is the ritual slaughter of mammals and birds for food according toJewish dietary laws (Deut. 12:21, Deut. 14:21, Num. 11:22) The animal must be killed “with respect and compassion” by ashochet (Hebrew: שוחט, “ritual slaughterer”), a religious Jew who is duly licensed and trained. The act is performed by severing thetrachea, esophagus, carotid arteries, jugular veins and vagus nerve in a swift action using an extremely sharp blade (“chalef”) only by a qualified shochet. This results in a rapid drop in blood pressure in the brain and loss of consciousness. According to Jewish religious sources, the animal is now insensible to pain andexsanguinates in a prompt and precise action. The animal can be in a number of positions; when the animal is lying on its back, this is referred to as shechita munachat; in a standing position it is known as shechita me’umedet. Before slaughtering, the animal must be healthy, uninjured, and viable.